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A lot of it. Christchurch's Catholic cathedral damaged after the earthquake, in 2011. Brendon has been in Christchurch for the past decade and he says his ‘professional career has been shaped by the earthquakes”, from the 2010 Darfield and 2011 Christchurch quakes to the 2016 Kaikōura quake. So, how do you go about minimising the inevitable damage that occurs from earthquakes that are bound to happen in the future? Christchurch was understandably unprepared for activity on a fault that was previously unidentified. There are a variety geologic features that we can use. ... earthquakes. The initial earthquake had a devastating effect on residential suburbs affected by liquefaction and lateral spread. If it was populated as densely as England, for example, then the results of quakes would be statistically very different. The deadliest earthquake in New Zealand’s history was in 1931 in Napier and resulted in the deaths of 256 people. Afternoons were the worst. Earthquake monitoring in New Zealand is undertaken by GNS Science’s GeoNet Project which provides a broad-based, around-the-clock monitoring system and a modern data management centre.. Why do we monitor earthquakes? This area is notorious for a constant – and we mean ceaseless – stream of earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and seismic shifting. Every year there are 15,000 of the things rattling around in the basement of the earth under NZ – with about 150 of them being felt (that’s one every three days). The most likely places in the whole of New Zealand to experience extremely powerful quakes are Kaikoura, Hokitika, Hanmer Springs, Masterton and Arthur’s Pass. InTeGrate materials for your classroom. This shaking was significantly greater than the levels Christchurch's structures had been designed to withstand. In 2010 and 2011, Christchurch experienced a series of earthquakes, which included an aftershock that produced the highest peak ground accelerations on record. We visited Christchurch in 2007 as part of a three week trip around New Zealand and it was one of the most memorable parts of our trip. The first and easiest solution to moderate risks is to make sure that newly erected buildings adhere to newly passed, stringent earthquake-proofing guidelines. Hopefully it’ll be a while until Kiwis have to see just how well. The fact that New Zealand is sparsely populated is an obvious factor. Comparably, 300 lives are lost through traffic accidents each year, and around 120 through drowning. Earthquakes will cost New Zealand close to $50 billion in both public and private sector costs this decade, of which the Government’s share is about $20 billion - $18 billion for Christchurch and $2 billion for Kaikoura. It’s called ENGAGE and I think it is an essential tool which those who are leading the Greater Christchurch 2050 should adopt as a process. It has been five years since a major earthquake hit the New Zealand city of Christchurch, but thousands of residents are still waiting for their homes to be repaired or rebuilt, writes Michael Ertl. Power-wise the Christchurch quake was a 6.3 and had the power of about four Hiroshima atomic bombs. This has been done by the NZ government, and is obviously a pragmatic step. This earthquake was very similar to the one in Christchurch. After the Christchurch earthquake in 2011 the idea that earthquakes could be as lethal as that one turned out to be was really impressed on New Zealanders. The earthquakes keep on coming for Christchurch Mark Quigley , University of Melbourne At risk of being accused of being some sort of sinister harbinger of earthquakes, I must confess I happened to be en route to Christchurch, in New Zealand, when the latest magnitude 5.7 earthquake occurred on Sunday beneath the Pacific ocean. The base isolation system is not shown. The resulting deaths numbered 185 on that particular day – 60 less than the national record. All in all, this decade the bill for all the earthquake damage in the country will be roughly $50 billion NZD. Another reason that casualties are fairly low is due to the lack of enormous buildings that suffer damage and then fall down – subsequently crushing people as they go down – and that is thanks to the fantastic improvement in building standards that have taken place in the country over the past century or so. The main thing we do is look for evidence of active faulting. Outside of New Zealand, the earthquake became known as the "Christchurch Earthquake", and it resulted in the deaths of 185 people and injuries of several thousand. As a result, the rock on either side of the fault accelerated almost three times as fast as in a typical quake, producing extra violent shaking. The epicenter of the quake was approximately 3 miles from the city center of Christchurch. Show terms of use for text on this page », Show terms of use for media on this page », Learn more about Citing, Reusing and Adapting To provide warning of any future seismic activity so that appropriate steps can be taken to reduce the risk to lives and property. Kaikoura’s quake was a 7.8, 180 times more powerful and had released the same amount of energy as 800 atomic bombs. Christchurch was understandably unprepared for activity on a fault that was previously unidentified. In a word: very. As an earthquake engineer the quakes provided opportunities close to home to study the mechanisms and aftermath of large earthquakes. The cost of the Christchurch earthquake – as well as the more recent one in Kaikoura – will cost the New Zealand government about $20 billion NZD. As stated above, New Zealand is situated on one of the edges of the Pacific Ring of Fire. We asked Chief Executive Officer of Development Christchurch Limited (DCL) Rob Hall FRICS how the city is regenerating after the earthquakes in 2010 and 2011. It is fighting the challenges like climate change by making the city a test bed for technological innovation. All in all, lessons have certainly be learned. In the first 80 years of the city's history, four large earthquakes significantly damaged the growing settlement, one seriously. These findings clarify the effects of earthquakes and prior expectancies on preparedness and risk So, yes, with New Zealand sitting astride the Pacific Ring of Fire like a cat on a hot tin roof there’s going to be movement. Read on to find out how. Report: Christchurch shifts from concrete to steel in post-earthquake rebuild A hospital being constructed with a ductile moment resisting steel frame on top of base isolators. Material on this page is offered under a In Christchurch today, a white powdery compound, a cathedral made of cardboard and a hangar-like laboratory where earthquakes are created are all part of … ... enough to generate magnitude 7 or greater earthquakes. After the Christchurch earthquake in 2011 the idea that earthquakes could be as lethal as that one turned out to be was really impressed on New Zealanders. It seems to be an inconsistency that a country that suffers from such a chronic bout of earthquakes should be relatively unscathed when it comes to fatalities. We encourage the reuse and dissemination of the material on this site The loss of life from earthquakes in New … There’s another price that is paid, too, of course, and that’s a financial one. Earthquake Preparedness in Christchurch, New Zealand, https://www.gns.cri.nz/Home/Learning/Science-Topics/Earthquakes, http://www.australiangeographic.com.au/news/2011/02/new-zealand-earthquakes-linked,-say-experts/, http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/historic-earthquakes/page-13, Teaching Sustainability in an Interdisciplinary First-Year Seminar, Strengthening Geoscience Competency for HBCU Pre-Service Teachers Workshop, Pan-African Approaches to Teaching Geoscience, Putting Sustainability into Action workshop, Teaching about Soils as a Critical Resource: Materials and Activities for your Classroom, Expanding the Impact of InTeGrate Projects, Program-Scale InTeGrate Materials for 2YCs, Coastal Hazards, Risk, and Environmental Justice, Broadening Access to the Earth and Environmental Sciences, Engineering, Sustainability, and the Geosciences, Teaching Environmental Justice: Interdisciplinary Approaches, Geoscience and the 21st Century Workforce, Programs that Bring Together Geoscience and Sustainability, Systems, Society, Sustainability and the Geosciences, Adapting InTeGrate Modules for Biology Courses and Online Courses, Addressing Critical Issues in Your Community: Examples for Introductory Courses, Addressing Earthquake Hazards with Lidar, GPS, and InSAR in Upper-level Undergraduate Courses, Addressing Energy Sources and their Impact on the Environment, Addressing Landslide Hazards in Introductory Undergraduate Courses, Addressing Water Resources and Sustainability in Upper-level Undergraduate Courses, Assessing the Impact of InTeGrate Materials in Introductory Environmental Science and Botany Courses, Communicating Science to a Broad Audience: Social Media for You and Your Students, Connecting Earth Science and Sustainability to Teach the NGSS, Connecting Science to Issues of Justice in your Course, Context Diversity: A New Paradigm for Equity and Inclusion in Higher Education, Core Competencies for Sustainability Education Programs, Critical Zone Science: A transdisciplinary approach to environmental science, Designing Activities for Effective Online Teaching, Developing Graduate Students Teaching Capacity with InTeGrate Teaching Materials, Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in the Earth and Environmental Sciences: Supporting the Success of All Students, Earth Education for a Sustainable Future: Supporting departments and programs through InTeGrate, Earth Education for Sustainable Societies, Engaging Environmental Justice in Geoscience Courses, Exploring ways to make the InTeGrate Mineral Resources module your own, Fostering Systems Thinking in Your Students, Helping your department or program to survive and thrive in the changing world of higher education, Improving Climate Literacy Through your Undergraduate Course, Incorporating Environmental Data-Driven Inquiry and Exploration in Your Course, Integrating Earth Literacy with Societal Issues, Integrating Energy, Earth and Environmental Education, Integrating GPS, SfM, and TLS into geoscience field courses, Integrating Hazards and Societal Impact into Your Course, Interdisciplinary Teaching and Sustainability, Interdisciplinary Teaching: Building Sustainability into your Non-Science Class, Introduction to InTeGrate: How to incorporate the classroom materials into your courses, Introductory Integrate-rich Physical Geology course, Lessons Learned from InTeGrate’s Materials Development Program and What Remains Undone, Moving sustainability forward through community partnerships, collaborative initiatives, and earth advocacy, Pathways to performance expectations using InTeGrate materials, Preparing Your Students for Environmental Careers, Students as Bridges between Disciplines and Across Campus for Sustainability, Supporting All Students Through Active Learning, Sustainable Solutions to Societal Issues AGU 2017, Sustainable solutions to societal issues: Teaching Earth literacy across the undergraduate curriculum, Sustaining Your Interdisciplinary Environmental and Sustainability Program: Opportunities and Resources, Teaching about the Critical Zone and the Changing Biosphere, Teaching Nanoscience in the Earth and Environmental Sciences, Teaching Sustainability and Environmental Justice in the Humanities and Social Sciences, Teaching the Impacts of Human Carbon Emissions on the Atmosphere, Oceans, and Economy, The Importance of Diversity and Equity in Supporting the Whole Student, Transforming Teacher Preparation to Teach for Sustainability, Understanding the Earth System and Key Societal Issues: High school teachers, Understanding the Earth System and Key Societal Issues: K-8 teachers, Using Data to Teach About Societally Important Questions, Using InTeGrate Materials in K-8 Teacher Preparation, Working with Diverse Students on Societally Relevant Geoscience Issues, Short URL: https://serc.carleton.edu/82144. 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